Clinical and bacteriological profile of community acquired pneumonia cases at a tertiary care centre in South India
Introduction: There are very few and conflicting data regarding bacteriological aetiology of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) cases in India.
Objectives: The main objective of our study was to determine the clinical profile and bacteriological agents causing CAP and to study their antibiotic susceptibility pattern to help the clinicians choose the appropriate antibiotic for treatment.
Methods: A cross sectional study was involving 200 patients clinically diagnosed as community acquired pneumonia were included. A detailed proforma for clinical history was filled up for each patient. In all the patients, Chest X-ray, Blood culture and sensitivity, Sputum Gram’s stain, Acid fast staining, culture and sensitivity were done. Serological studies for Mycoplasma specific IgM antibodies were also done for all patients.
Results: Of the 200 patients, 86 (43%) yielded identifiable aetiology with 02 having mixed growth. Klebsiella pneumonia 28 (14%) was the most common isolate followed by Staphylococcus aureus 12 (6%). 14 (7%) cases were positive for Mycoplasma specific IgM antibodies.
Conclusions: Community acquired pneumonia remains an important public health problem. There is need for further studies and also to add conventional serologic tests for atypical and viral pathogens in all patients admitted with community acquired pneumonia.
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